What is Disc Herniation?

The bones or vertebrae that form the spine are cushioned by small discs that act as shock absorbers in the healthy spine, allowing it to flex, bend, and twist. Each disc contains a tire-like outer band referred to as the annulus fibrosus that encases and supports a gel-like substance known as the nucleus pulposus. Nerve roots exit the spinal canal through small passageways between the vertebrae and the discs.

Our backs carry and help distribute our weight. Intervertebral discs absorb the shock from our daily physical movements, including walking, twisting, and bending. Because our discs constantly work to help us move so well, they can become worn out over time through general wear and tear, and age.

What Are The Treatment Options?

To Qualify for Lumbar Disc Herniation Treatment See our Physician Locator to find an outpatient office. Or call us toll free at 1-888-747-7470. See our video testimonials to see real life successes and learn more about this minimally invasive procedure.

A spinal disc herniation of the lumbar spine is among the most common conditions associated with the daily wear and tear taken on by the spine. After years of use, spinal structures begin to weaken. As the aging process progresses, the intervertebral disc begins to lose water content and becomes less flexible and eventually brittle, decreasing its ability to cushion the vertabrae. As the disc weakens, small tears form in the annulus fibrosus, allowing the nucleus to bulge outward and lean on and pinch nerves causing lumbar herniated disc symptoms such as back and leg pain, numbness, or weakness. Unless a herniated lumbar disk is caused by a traumatic injury to the spine, this process generally occurs gradually over time or in some cases it can accelerate as a result of degenerative disc disease.

While a herniated disc can occur in any part of your spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar levels), approximately 90% are located in the lower back, or lumbar region of the spine, at levels L4/L5 (lumbar segments 4 and 5) or L5/S1 (lumbar segment 5 and sacral segment 1). This area is constantly absorbing the impact of the weight of the upper body, especially when we are standing or sitting. The lower back is also critically involved in our body's movements throughout the day, including bending, twisting the torso from side to side, and flexing and extending the back. Therefore, it is not surprising that lumbar disc herniation treatment is needed 15 times more often than cervical, or neck, herniations and are one of the most common causes of lower back pain.